12/ Bukovina – Dříteč fly ash deposit

Altitude: 240–250 m above sea level
Area: 100 ha (northern deposit), 124 ha (southern deposit)
Material: fly ash from the Opatovice power plant


In the 1970s-1990s, coal ash was transported in the form of water suspension to an ash pond east of Dříteč village (southern deposit), where a lagoon of 140 ha and up to 16 m deep was created. This area has been used as a golf course since 2007 after reclamation (drying, soil covering, grassing).

Fly ash and gypsum, a waste product of desulphurisation, is still deposited on the northern deposit, south of Bukovina. Part of the area was flooded until 1996. At present, the areas are gradually being reclaimed, partly they are being spontaneously overgrown with ruderal vegetation. The most significant population of the Natterjack Toad in East Bohemia is likely to disappear due to the reclamation.



Sand-loving species: earthstars (Geastrum spp.)

Associated with early succession plants: Vinegar Cup (Helvella acetabulum), Helvella solitaria, Wrinkled Thimble Cap (Ptychoverpa bohemica), Giant Puffball (Calvatia gigantea)



Ruderal species: Thorn-apple (Datura stramonium), Scentless Mayweed (Tripleurospermum inodorum), False London-rocket (Sisymbrium loeselii)

Xerophillic species: Spiny Plumeless Thistle (Carduus acanthoides), Chamaecytisus ratisbonensis, Great Mullein (Verbascum thapsus), evening-primroses (Oenothera spp.), Common Tansy (Tanacetum vulgare)



Sandy habitats: Maladera holosericea, Dune Chafer (Anomala dubia), click beetle Dicronychus equisetioides, Blackhead Antlion (Myrmeleon formicarius), tiger beetle Cylindera arenaria

Nocturnal butterflies of forest free landscape (sandy habitats, steppes, warm ruderals): Grass Eggar (Lasiocampa trifolii), Beautiful Marbled (Eublemma purpurina).

Diurnal butterfly Grayling (Hipparchia semele; very abundant till the 1990s, currently not present at the locality)



Xerophilic species: Sand Lizard (Lacerta agillis); Woodlark (Lullula arborea)

Wetland species: Fire-bellied Toad (Bombina bombina), Lake Frog (Pelophylax ridibundus), Agile Frog (Rana dalmatina)

Combination of dry and wetland habitats: Common Spadefoot (Pelobates fuscus), Smooth Newt (Lissotriton vulgaris), Natterjack Toad (Epidalea calamita), European Common Toad (Bufo bufo), European Green Toad (Bufotes viridis); Grass Snake (Natrix natrix)